A water conservation plan is one of the best ways to protect and manage our water resources, according to a report released Monday by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.
The report, based on research at the University of Maryland, concludes that the best way to avoid climate change is to limit water use, while also improving the water supply.
“The most significant environmental and economic impacts of climate change will come from the increased demand for water from urban and rural areas,” said co-author Michael J. Egan, an associate professor of geography and director of the National Center for Atmospheric Research.
“Conserving and using water efficiently will be a key way to mitigate climate change.”
The report comes as federal, state and local governments are working to address the impact of climate-related water shortages, with some states launching water conservation programs aimed at protecting drinking water supplies and reducing waste from agriculture.
The National Resources Defense Council has said it will sue the Trump administration over its plan to repeal the Clean Water Rule, which limits how much wastewater and other contaminants can enter waterways and how much can be dumped into rivers.
Eitan’s report calls for a three-part approach to water conservation.
First, reduce water use by using it more efficiently, including by conserving water for drinking, irrigation and irrigation projects, Egan said.
Second, increase water conservation to meet the needs of rural and urban areas.
Third, conserve water and land for future generations, such as irrigation.
Egon and his colleagues focused on how the federal government is managing water use in the United States, noting that it’s one of most important factors affecting the nation’s water resources.
“We found that a number of states are moving forward with water conservation efforts that are well-designed to protect water resources while maintaining an adequate supply of water,” Egan told reporters at a briefing.
The study was published in the journal Nature Climate Change.